After being stimulated by something, the first step in an act of mental apprehension is the phenomenon of emotional projection. The animal projects its physical center of gravity into the form of what it's attracted to and thus arrives at a feeling. This is the most conservative statement that can be made about the mental lives of animals because the number one evolutionary problem for any organism is the movement of its body through time and space, (not outcompeting other animals or adapting to environmental pressures) and therefore the mind that moves the body through time and space would inarguably have evolved upon the solution of this fundamental problem. Since movement from point A to point B requires the projection of the body's center-of-gravity forward to the next footfall, and ultimately through the entire sequence of movements that will deliver the body to point B, this physical projection phenomenon evolved to become the basis of an emotional projection phenomenon. Emotional projection is a modeling program just as physical projection is a modeling program. In other words, before an animal moves from point A to point B it can already feel whether the path to point B, and point B itself can absorb its physical momentum. This is why animals don't run into solid things. Likewise, the projection of the emotional center-of-gravity answers the question: "What will I feel when I arrive at the object of attraction," in other words, "Can the stimulus absorb my emotional momentum?" This is why animals don't run into predators.
At the chalkboard I outline the basics and how it extends to all animal behavior, for example ravens calling when they find a carcass, and then in the chicken yard we can see how a group mind evolves around the phenomenon of emotional projection. The roosters become emotionally paralyzed since their mind is configured around the flock as a whole after having projected into each hen and is thus compelled to track their movements before he can project his own body forward. The roosters become paralyzed in regards to their own self-interests relative to the hens, a paralysis the hens are quick to exploit but tellingly as we can see, not to another rooster because the latter does not absorb the emotional momentum of its fellow rooster, whereas a hen does. Emotional projection is the basis of complex social behavior, not the mathematics of reciprocity which is the current Neo-Darwinian logic for cooperative behavior. Not surprisingly the math adds up, but this merely describes the mathematical implications of social behavior, there is not a math module running algorithms in the minds of these chickens. There is the phenomenon of emotional projection, the projection of a feeling, and which evolved from the phenomenon of physical projection, the projection of a physical force.